[1]朱桥华,罗美华,周成宇,等.抑制极光激酶活性对肝癌HepG2细胞周期、凋亡和自噬的影响[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(12):1476.[doi:10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.12.13]
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抑制极光激酶活性对肝癌HepG2细胞周期、凋亡和自噬的影响()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年12期
页码:
1476
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-12-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of danusertib on cell cycle, apoptosis and autophagy of hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells in vitro
作者:
朱桥华罗美华周成宇陈智贤黄维黄江远赵淑芬于新发
关键词:
肝细胞癌极光激酶danusertib细胞周期阻滞凋亡自噬
Keywords:
hepatocellular carcinoma Aurora kinase danusertib cell cycle arrest apoptosis autophagy
DOI:
10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2018.12.13
摘要:
目的探讨极光激酶抑制剂Danusertib(Danu)对肝癌HepG2 细胞株增殖、细胞周期、凋亡和自噬的影响及其作用机制。 方法采用四甲基偶氮唑蓝(MTT)法检测Danu对各组细胞的增殖抑制率,确定Danu的半数抑制浓度(IC50)。采用流式细胞仪 检测Danu对HepG2细胞周期阻滞、凋亡及自噬的影响。采用Western blot检测细胞周期阻滞、凋亡及自噬相关效应蛋白和通 路蛋白的表达。采用氯喹抑制自噬以明确其所起作用。结果Danu能有效抑制HepG2 细胞增殖,24 h 和48 h 的IC50分别为 39.4 μmol和14.4 μmol。Danu通过上调p53及p21的表达和下调Cyclin B1及CDC2的表达引起HepG2细胞出现G2/M周期阻 滞和异倍体,通过上调Bax、Puma、cleaved caspase-3、cleaved caspase-9、cleaved PARP及细胞色素C的表达和下调Bcl-xl 及 Bcl-2的表达引起HepG2细胞凋亡,通过激活上调AMPK信号通路和和抑制PI3K/PTEN/AKT/mTOR信号轴引起HepG2细胞 出现自噬。采用氯喹抑制自噬后,能够增强Danu对HepG2细胞的促凋亡作用。结论Danu能够有效抑制肝癌HepG2细胞增 殖,引起G2/M细胞周期阻滞,导致细胞凋亡,具有良好的体外抗肿瘤效果。Danu能够引起细胞保护性自噬。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the effect of danusertib (Danu), an inhibitor of Aurora kinase, on the proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy of hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods MTT assay was used to examine the effect of Danu on the viability of HepG2 cells to determine the IC50 of Danu. The effect of Danu on cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and autophagy were determined using flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of the proteins related to cell cycle, apoptosis and autophagy. Chloroquine was used to suppress Danuinduced autophagy to test the apoptosis-inducing effect of Danu. Results Danu significantly inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells with IC50 of 39.4 μmol and 14.4 μmol at 24 h and 48 h, respectively. Danu caused cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase in HepG2 cells and led to polyploidy accumulation via up-regulating the expressions of p53 and p21 and down-regulating the expressions of cyclin B1 and DC2. Danu also caused apoptosis of HepG2 cells through up-regulating the expressions of Bax, Puma, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved PARP and cytochrome C and down-regulating the expressions of Bcl-xl and Bcl-2. Danu induced autophagy via activating AMPK signaling and inhibiting PI3K/PTEN/AKT/mTOR axis, and inhibition of Danu-induced autophagy with chloroquine enhanced the pro-apoptotic effect of Danu. Conclusion Danu inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, apoptosis and cytoprotective autophagy in HepG2 cells.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01