[1]陈宇璠,宋兵,廖哲霆,等.磷酸钙/壳聚糖/小分子腺苷复合材料修复大鼠颅骨极限骨缺损[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(06):716.
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磷酸钙/壳聚糖/小分子腺苷复合材料修复大鼠颅骨极限骨缺损()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
716
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
A novel calcium phosphate cement pre-loaded with chitosan and small molecule adenosine for repairing large cranial defects in rats
作者:
陈宇璠宋兵廖哲霆邓仲豪吴德胜冯舒皓赵亮
关键词:
生物材料小分子腺苷颅骨极限缺损骨再生修复
Keywords:
biomaterial small molecule adenosine extreme-sized cranial defects bone regeneration
摘要:
目的观察新型生物复合材料在SD大鼠颅骨极限骨缺损中的修复效果,为骨组织工程的相关的基础研究提供实验证据。 方法取18 只8 周龄的雄性SD大鼠,制作颅骨缺损直径达8 mm的圆形极限骨缺损模型,并随机分入不同组,观察时间为12 周。分组情况如下:在颅骨缺损中植入单纯使用蒸馏水作为成形剂的8 mm直径的磷酸钙骨修复替代材料(CPC)支架材料 (CPC对照组);在颅骨缺损中植入使用10%壳聚糖溶液作为成形剂的8 mm直径的CPC支架材料(CPC/CN组);在颅骨缺损中 植入用10%壳聚糖液体作为成形剂并每个含有300 μg小分子腺苷的8 mm直径的CPC支架材料(CPC/CN/AD组)。对标本进 行X线、CT、苏木素-伊红染色(HE染色)及相关的定量分析。结果X线影像提示各组骨缺损均有不同程度的修复,骨折线逐渐 模糊,CPC/CN/AD组的骨缺损基本修复。CT结果也是如此。HE染色切片3组均未见急慢性炎症细胞,缺损中可见新生骨组 织,新生骨内及周围可见散在的新生血管,新生骨面积百分数提示CPC/CN/AD组新生骨面积百分数显著大于CPC/CN组和 CPC对照组(P<0.05),新生血管密度定量提示CPC/CN/AD组的新生血管密度均显著大于另外两组(P<0.05),但CPC/CN组与 CPC对照组之间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论磷酸钙/壳聚糖/小分子腺苷复合材料与传统单纯磷酸钙骨修复替代材料相 比具有更好的促成骨作用,是一种相对理想的新型骨再生修复替代材料之一。
Abstract:
Objective To evaluate the effect of a novel biomaterial in repairing large cranial defects in rats. Methods Eighteen SD rats were used to establish rat modes of large cranial defect (8 mm in diameter). The rat models were randomized into 3 groups and the cranial defects were repaired using different scaffold materials, namely CPC paste prepared with distilled water (CPC control group), CPC paste mixed with 10% chitosan (CPC/CN group), or CPC paste with 10% chitosan and 300 mg adenosine (CPC/CN/AD group). The defects were examined 12 weeks after the surgery with X- ray, CT, HE staining and quantitative assessments. Results X- ray showed that the defect was repaired in all the groups. The fracture line became obscure and the defects were almost fully repaired by regenerated bone tissues in CPC/CN/AD group, which was consistent with CT findings. In all the 3 groups, HE staining revealed the presence of new bones in the defects and new vessels in and around the new bones without inflammatory cells. The new bone area was significantly greater in CPC/CN/AD group than in CPC/CN group and CPC control group (P<0.05). The new vessel density was the highest in CPC/CN/AD group (P>0.05) but similar between CPC/CN group and CPC control group (P>0.05). Conclusion This novel calcium phosphate cement preloaded with chitosan and small molecule adenosine can better promote bone regeneration than calcium phosphate cement for repairing large bone defects to serve as a good replacement material for bone regeneration.

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 WANG Qun-li,PEI Guo-xian,ZENG Xian-li,et al.In vitro biocompatibility of novel absorbable hydroxyapatite and AO artificial bone β-tricalcium phosphate with rhesus bone marrow stromal cells[J].Journal of Southern Medical University,2005,(06):44.
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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01