[1]庄金木,孙雪岩,周璇,等.低中剂量凝血因子Ⅷ预防治疗重型血友病A患儿:关节综合评估及相关性分析[J].南方医科大学学报,2018,(04):496.
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低中剂量凝血因子Ⅷ预防治疗重型血友病A患儿:关节综合评估及相关性分析()
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《南方医科大学学报》[ISSN:1673-4254/CN:44-1627/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
496
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Prophylactic treatment with low- and intermediate-dose factor VIII in children with severe hemophilia A: comprehensive evaluation of joint outcomes and correlation analysis
作者:
庄金木孙雪岩周璇柳竹琴孙竞
关键词:
重型血友病A预防治疗关节综合评估相关性
Keywords:
severe hemophilia A prophylactic treatment comprehensive evaluation of joint correlation
摘要:
目的利用新的关节综合评估手段研究重型血友病A患儿凝血因子Ⅷ(FⅧ)低中剂量预防治疗的疗效。方法47例接受F Ⅷ治疗的重型血友病A患儿(FⅧ活性≤2%),其中18例低剂量预防治疗(FⅧ 10 U/kg,每周2~3次)、20例中剂量预防治疗(FⅧ 15~30 U/kg,每周3次)和9例按需治疗(出血时根据血友病诊断与治疗中国专家共识标准输注FⅧ治疗)患儿。随访180 d,观察 临床出血表型、关节结构、关节功能、活动能力四方面指标变化并进行相关性研究,使用Kruskal-Wallis、t检验及Spearman等级 相关系数进行统计学分析,P<0.05为差异具有统计学意义。结果低中剂量预防治疗组均较按需治疗组明显改善临床出血表型 (P<0.01),且中剂量预防治疗组改善优于低剂量预防治疗组(P<0.05)。而且在关节影像结构及功能综合评估方面,血友病关节 健康评分(HJHS)总分变化、血友病功能独立性评分量表(FISH)总分变化,最严重单个靶关节彩超和同一最严重单个靶关节 HJHS变化4个指标,低中剂量预防治疗组的变化值有明显小于按需治疗组的优势(均P<0.05),中剂量预防治疗组有可能有优 于低剂量预防治疗组的趋势。重型血友病A患儿,年靶关节出血次数(ATJBR)与其彩超评分变化、ATJBR与其HJHS变化、年 关节出血次数(AJBR)与FISH总分变化均无相关性(P>0.05)。结论FⅧ低中剂量预防治疗较按需治疗明显改善临床出血表型 及延缓血友病患儿关节损伤的进展,但临床出血表型不足以全面反映病情进展。
Abstract:
Objective To study the effect of low- and intermediate-dose factor VIII (FVIII) for prophylactic treatment of severe hemophilia A in children by comprehensively evaluating the outcomes of the joints. Methods Forty-seven children with severe hemophilia A (FVIII activity ≤2%) were enrolled in this study. Eighteen of the children received prophylactic treatment with low-dose FVIII (10 U/kg, 2-3 times a week), 20 received prophylactic treatment with intermediate-dose FVIII (15-30 U/kg, 3 times a week), and 9 received on-demand treatment with FVIII infusion when bleeding occurred according to the Chinese Expert Consensus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemophilia. The children were followed up for 180 days to observe the changes in the indexes of clinical bleeding phenotype, joint structure, joint function, and joint mobility, and the correlation of these indexes were analyzed. Results Compared with on-demand treatment, prophylactic treatment with low- and intermediate-dose FVIII significantly improved the clinical hemorrhage phenotype (P<0.01), and the improvement was significantly more conspicuous with intermediate-dose prophylactic treatment (P<0.05). Comprehensive evaluation of the joint structure and function changes showed that compared with on-demand treatment, prophylactic treatment with low- and intermediate-dose FVIII resulted in significant improvements in the total score of Hemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS), Functional Independence Score in Hemophilia (FISH), the single most severe target joint ultrasound and HJHS score of the target joint (P<0.05) and prophylactic treatment with intermediate-dose FVIII appeared to produce better outcomes of the joint than low-dose FVIII. No correlation was found between annual target joint bleeding rate (ATJBR) and ultrasound score, between ATJBR and HJHS change, or between annual joint bleeding rate (AJBR) and the total score of FISH (P>0.05). Conclusion Compared with on-demand treatment, prophylactic treatment with low- and intermediate-dose FVIII can significantly improve the bleeding phenotype and delay the progression of joint injury, but the clinical hemorrhagic phenotype is not sufficient to monitor the disease progression.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01